Birds of Colombia

    PASSERIFORMES: Furnariidae (Ovenbirds)  
Genus: Xiphorhynchus (10 species, 14 worldwide)

Genus Xiphorhynchus is a diverse group of medium to large woodcreepers with no single unifying characteristic.


Tschudi's Woodcreeper
Tschudi's Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo napensis)
Reserva Natural La Isla Escondida, Orito, Putumayo, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Tschudi's Woodcreeper
Tschudi's Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo napensis)
Reserva Natural La Isla Escondida, Orito, Putumayo, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A foothill species split from the [Ocellated Woodcreeper], but note curved culmen. Visually also a bit similar to [Buff-throated Woodcreeper], but in all cases differentiated by voice.

Elegant Woodcreeper
Elegant Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus elegans ornatus)
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Note buff leaf-like spots on chest with dark borders. Not also slightly curved, thin bill. 20 cm. (medium sized woodcreeper). Found in different lowland habitat types.

Spotted Woodcreeper
Spotted Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius aequatorialis)
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Los Bancos, Ecuador  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Spotted Woodcreeper
Spotted Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius)
Farallones National Park, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Note unspotted crown and spotted throat compared to similar [Olive-backed Woodcreeper], which has a spotted crown (reliable) and scaled pattern on throat (hard to be sure about) (HBW). Spots are buffer than on Olive-backed, and generally found slightly lower than Olive-backed at around 300-1000m.
From back.

Buff-throated Woodcreeper
Buff-throated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus guttatus guttatoides)
Amacayacu National Park, Amazonas, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A common and large woodcreeper split from the [Cocoa Woodcreeper], and vocally similar.
Alt. photo

Black-striped Woodcreeper
Black-striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus alarum)
Bahia Solano, Choco, Colombia
  Note dark mantle. Medium to large thin woodcreeper.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.



Striped Woodcreeper
Striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus obsoletus notatus)
Inírida, Guainía, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Striped Woodcreeper
Striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus obsoletus palliatus)
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A medium-sized woodcreeper common in lowlands, and occasionally also seen outside of the forest. Easy to confuse with other species. Note thick, straight, short, flesh-colored bill, teardrops on the back and stripes on the front.
Photo of back and throat.

Ocellated Woodcreeper
Ocellated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus perplexus)
Manoa, Pando, Bolivia  
   
Photograph by Joe Tobias   © All Rights Reserved.

Ocellated Woodcreeper
Ocellated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus)
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

An Amazon basin species, split with [Tschudi's Woodcreeper] found in the foothills. Note straighter bill than Tschudi's, and vocal differences. A long thin medium to large sized woodcreeper with some straight lines on front and back, and a white to buff throat. Bill is thin and almost straight (some variation across range).

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper
Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus pardalotus pardalotus)
Manaus, Brazil  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Cocoa Woodcreeper
Cocoa Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
Metropolitan Park, Panama City, Panama
  Split from the [Buff-throated Woodcreeper] found in Amazon lowlands.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Olive-backed Woodcreeper
Olive-backed Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus triangularis triangularis)
Versalles, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Medium sized woodcreeper Found from 1200-2500m in Andean forests. Note spotted crown and scaled throat pattern compared to similar [Spotted Woodcreeper], which has a unspotted crown and spotted throat (HBW).


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